Note 5 - Fair Value Measurements
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2023
|Notes to Financial Statements|
|Fair Value Disclosures [Text Block]||
Note 5. Fair Value Measurements
The Company defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The standard describes a fair value hierarchy based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, that may be used to measure fair value which are the following:
The following table presents the fair value hierarchy for the Company’s financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022:
As discussed in Note 2 above, in connection with its sale of GMI, the Company received contingent consideration that requires to GMDC to make annual payments equal to five percent (5%) of the purchaser’s GAAP based revenue through December 31, 2029, up to a cumulative maximum of $4,000,000, attributable to the purchaser’s blockchain-enabled digital supply chain management platform and associated technologies. The fair value of the contingent consideration was estimated based on GMDC’s forecast of revenue, the estimated after-tax payments to the Company, and the present value of the after-tax payments based on discount rate that reflects the risk of achieving the timing and amounts of forecasted payments. The significant inputs utilized in estimating the fair value of contingent consideration include the forecast of revenues, the income tax rate of 27.0 percent, and the discount rate of 40.75 percent. On August 9, 2023, the Company and GMDC agreed to terminate all rights and obligations with respect to the calculation and payment of future contingent payments from GMDC to the Company in exchange for the payment of $1,000,000 cash by GMDC to the Company, resulting in a gain of $318,000.
The following table is a roll-forward of the Level 3 fair value measurements, which are not considered financial instruments.
There were no unrealized gains or losses recognized in income for the three- or nine-month periods ended September 30, 2023.
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef